That Uneven Skin Tone Is Probably Due To Hyperpigmentation & Here’s How You Can Fix It
If you have discolouration on your skin, that’s probably a type of pigmentation.
Hyperpigmentation occurs when melanin is overproduced in certain spots on the skin, resulting in flat, darkened patches that are light brown to black in colour which varies in size and shape. It may also happen due to long sun exposure, acne blemishes, freckles that have turned into sunspots or from psoriasis and eczema.
But don’t worry, although it may take some time, hyperpigmentation can be treated and controlled.
Three main types of hyperpigmentation
A common hyperpigmentation in women especially those with darker skin tones, melasma usually happens on different areas of the face such as the forehead, nose, cheeks and above the lips. It is sometimes referred to as the mask of pregnancy, as it can be triggered by an increase in hormones in pregnant women. Melasma may also occur when you either start or stop hormonal contraception, including birth control pills, or when you take hormone replacement therapy.
Post – Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)
PIH is the result of trauma or skin inflammation like psoriasis, eczema and severe acne. These skin conditions could increase the production of pigments which causes dark spots. While it’s usually associated with darker skin tones, it still affects people of any skin type.
Sun Damage or Sunspots
One of the main cause of hyper pigmentation is the excessive exposure to sun rays and if you have developed hyper pigmentation in your early 30s, it means that the process had already started when you were in your teen years. The sunspots are usually light brown and appears mostly on the face, neck, chest and hands, areas which are exposed to UV rays.
Ways to treat and prevent hyperpigmentation
Most of us tend to ignore the importance of using sunblock, which is one of the most essential step in the skin care routine. We all know how unforgiving the Malaysian weather can be, so sunscreen plays a crucial role to help protect the skin from harsh UV rays. Opt for sunblock that offers UVA/UVB protection, and apply on all exposed body parts every day before going out in the sun.
Laser skin treatment
Aimed for maximum benefits and minimal discomfort and side effects, the laser light is designed to destroy acne bacteria and get rid of active acne while promoting collagen growth. It also reduces redness and improves sensitive skin, which gives the skin an even-toned surface and an overall youthful appearance.
Vitamin C serum
Vitamin C serums have antioxidant properties that block free radicals from causing oxidative damage to the skin. What’s more, it also has enzymatic processes that produce melanin in the skin, which helps to reduce dark coloration of the skin.
Famously used in the treatment of dark spots, hydroquinone is available to purchase over the counter in concentration of two percent or less and four percent or more with prescription. It works by decreasing the production of melanin, which is responsible for pigmentation on your skin.
Exfoliating treatments like chemical peels can reduce the dull appearance of the skin by removing the upper layers of dead skin. It also stimulates collagen production, enhance cellular turnover and reduces the appearance of dark spots over time.